An interest ratchet mechanism for loan facility agreements that lowers the cost of capital for companies who (directly or indirectly) save carbon in their operations.
Why use this?
Laith & Irsa’s Clause incentivises companies to reduce their GHG emissions by providing loan capital at a lower cost to those that are accelerating the transition to a decarbonised economy.
The clause is an incentive mechanism, so failing to meet carbon savings targets is not an event of default and does not incur a penalty (although parties can include a penalty clause to raise ambition).
How to use this clause
Disclaimer - please read
The clauses on this website have been prepared in good faith on a pro bono basis and are free to download and use. The clauses have been drafted and edited by a variety of lawyers and, as such, the approaches to drafting may not conform to any particular drafting norms. We acknowledge this as a consequence of the collaborative drafting process.
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(A) [Insert Eddie’s Recitals here.]
Carbon Calculation Methodology means the methodology for calculating Carbon Savings as [agreed between the parties]/ [set out in Schedule [●]/ other document containing the calculation].
Carbon Savings means the average difference between grid intensity when importing and exporting electricity in each cycle for the Relevant Period, calculated in accordance with the Carbon Calculation Methodology.
Carbon Savings Calculation Date means each [insert date of month] and [insert date of month]. [Drafting note: Insert dates that bookend the chosen Relevant Period.]
Carbon Savings Compliance Certificate means a certificate delivered by the Borrower to the Lender in accordance with clause  (Carbon Savings Compliance Certificate).
Carbon Savings Target means each percentile figure for Carbon Savings derived from percentiles of median grid carbon intensities across the Relevant Period, as set out in the column headed ‘Carbon Savings Percentile’ of the Interest Rate Reduction Table.
Default means [insert definition from main agreement this clause is being inserted into].
Interest Period means the [insert definition from main agreement this clause is being inserted into].
[Drafting note: Laith & Irsa’s Clause is based on an agreement that provides for one month Interest Period(s) and six month Interest Period(s). Amend as appropriate throughout the clause.]
Interest Rate Reduction means the percentage set out in the Interest Rate Reduction column of the Interest Rate Reduction Table, alongside the applicable Carbon Savings Target achieved for the Relevant Period. This percentage gives the applicable Interest Rate Reduction for the relevant Interest Period.
Interest Rate Reduction Table means the following table and any replacement table as amended in accordance with this Agreement. The Borrower and Lender shall revise the Interest Rate Reduction Table upwards for each Relevant Period in accordance with the Carbon Calculation Methodology to incentivise greater Carbon Savings.
[Drafting note: Insert a table with a column showing the percentage of Carbon Savings and a second column showing the percentage Interest Rate Reduction that will be awarded if the Carbon Savings are achieved for the Relevant Period. An appropriate range of Carbon Savings could include six levels ranging between 0-75% with corresponding stepped Interest Rate Reductions.]
Relevant Period means the [six] month period ending on the relevant Carbon Savings Calculation Date.
[Drafting note: If a six month Relevant Period is operationally or administratively challenging for the Borrower (due to cost, time, resources etc), the parties can extend the Relevant Period up to one year, with the intention of reducing the Relevant Period over time to raise ambition.]
[Drafting note: Capitalised terms relate to either a defined term in this clause or a defined term in the main agreement that this clause is designed to be inserted into.]
1. Interest Rate Reduction
1.1 Subject to the following provisions of this clause , if the Carbon Savings over the Relevant Period are such that the Carbon Savings Target has been achieved:
1.1.1 the Borrower shall deliver to the Lender and the Lender shall approve a Carbon Savings Certificate in accordance with clause ; and
1.1.2 from the date the Lender approves the Carbon Savings Certificate, the interest rate applicable to each Loan for the Interest Period(s) shall be reduced by the Interest Rate Reduction corresponding to that Carbon Savings Target.
1.2 Any decrease to the interest rate applicable to the Loans referred to in clause [1.1] above shall:
1.2.1 take effect from the first day of each applicable Interest Period; and
1.2.2 last for the duration of that Interest Period.
1.3 The Borrower and the Lender shall review annually:
1.3.1 the Carbon Savings Target;
1.3.2 the Carbon Calculation Methodology; and
1.3.3 the Interest Rate Reduction Table.
1.4.1 the Borrower cannot calculate the Carbon Savings Target or Carbon Savings; or
1.4.2 following any annual review in accordance with clause [1.3], the Borrower or Lender (acting reasonably) deems any Carbon Savings Target, the Carbon Calculation Methodology or the Interest Rate Reduction Table to be no longer reasonable or appropriate with respect to the Projects then the Borrower and the Lender shall:
(a) negotiate in good faith to amend or revise the relevant Carbon Savings Target, the Carbon Calculation Methodology or the Interest Rate Reduction Table (as applicable); and
(b) make any necessary consequential amendments to the form of and delivery requirements applicable to any Carbon Savings Compliance Certificate.
1.5 If Interest Rate Reductions of [●][%] or [●][%] occur in any two consecutive Relevant Periods, no further Interest Rate Reductions shall occur in any subsequent Interest Periods until the Borrower and the Lender (acting in good faith) have agreed a new Interest Rate Reduction Table and/or a new Carbon Calculation Methodology.
1.6 For the avoidance of doubt:
1.6.1 the Borrower shall revise the Interest Rate Reduction Table for each Relevant Period in accordance with the Carbon Calculation Methodology, and present the same to the Lender for approval;*
1.6.2 the Borrower shall calculate Carbon Savings in accordance with the Carbon Calculation Methodology;
1.6.3 the Borrower’s failure to achieve a Carbon Savings Target or deliver a Carbon Savings Compliance Certificate to the Lender shall not result in Default; and
1.6.4 at no time shall the decrease to the interest rate applicable to the Loans referred to in clause 1.1 above exceed the highest Interest Rate Reduction set out in the Interest Rate Reduction Table (being [0.●●] percentage points as at the date of this Agreement).
* [Drafting note: The Borrower should revise the thresholds set out in the Interest Rate Reduction Table every [six] months based on the carbon intensity of the grid. The Borrower leads this process and presents the revised Table to the Lender for approval. To incentivise greater carbon reductions the thresholds should increase, not decrease.]
2. Carbon Savings Compliance Certificate
2.1 The Borrower shall deliver to the [Lender/ Lenders’ Technical Advisor*] a Carbon Savings Compliance Certificate within 15 Business Days of each Carbon Savings Calculation Date.
* [Drafting note: Many lenders are advised by technical advisors who, in practice, will receive the Carbon Savings Compliance Certificate directly from the Borrower.]
2.2 The certificate shall be substantially in the form set out in Schedule 1 (Form of Carbon Savings Compliance Certificate).
2.3 Each Carbon Savings Compliance Certificate must:
2.3.1 set out:
(a) the Carbon Savings for the Relevant Period ending on that Carbon Savings Calculation Date, and
(b) whether a Carbon Savings Target for that Relevant Period has been achieved;
2.3.2 contain sufficient information for the Lender to determine whether a Carbon Savings Target has been met; and
2.3.3 be signed by a director of the Borrower.
2.4 If, in the opinion of the Lender (acting reasonably), a Carbon Savings Compliance Certificate does not contain sufficient information to determine whether a Carbon Savings Target has been met, the Borrower shall provide the Lender with such further information regarding that Carbon Savings Compliance Certificate as the Lender may reasonably request.
2.5 If the Lender does not approve a Carbon Savings Compliance Certificate submitted pursuant to clause 2.1 within five Business Days of receipt:
2.5.1 it shall notify the Borrower as soon as is reasonably practicable giving reasonable details of the grounds for its non-approval;
2.5.2 the Borrower and the Lender shall negotiate in good faith for five Business Days following such notice to agree a revised Carbon Savings Compliance Certificate. If by the end of such negotiation period the parties have not agreed, the Borrower and the Lender shall together appoint an appropriate independent expert to resolve the issue; and
2.5.3 if the Borrower and the Lender are unable to agree the identity of the independent expert within five Business Days, either of them may request the President of the International Centre for Expertise (the International Chamber of Commerce) or an equivalent independent and internationally recognised body to appoint an independent expert and any determination by such independent expert shall be binding on the Borrower and the Lender.
Form of Carbon Savings Compliance Certificate
From: ………… as Borrower
To: ………… as Lender
… – Facility Agreement dated [●] (the Facility Agreement)
1. We refer to the Facility Agreement. This is a Carbon Savings Compliance Certificate. Terms defined in the Facility Agreement have the same meaning when used in this Carbon Savings Compliance Certificate unless otherwise defined in this Carbon Savings Compliance Certificate.
2. I, [●] a director of the Borrower and duly authorised to give this certificate, hereby certify as follows:
2.1 for the Relevant Period ending on the Carbon Savings Calculation Date falling on [●], the Carbon Savings were [●];
2.2 therefore, in accordance with clause [●] (Interest Rate Reduction) of the Facility Agreement, the Interest Rate applicable to each Loan for each Interest Period commencing on the following date(s), [●], should [be decreased by [●] percentage points]/[not be adjusted]; and
2.3 this Carbon Savings Compliance Certificate has been produced using the Carbon Calculation Methodology.
3. We set out below calculations and attach the raw data from [insert origin of the raw data that underpins the Borrower’s calculation] establishing the figures in paragraph 2 above.
[Drafting note: Insert calculations]
4. This Carbon Savings Compliance Certificate and any non-contractual obligations arising out of or in connection with it are governed by English law.
Director for ………….… as Borrower