Energy Efficiency in Shipping

Otto's Clause

A contractual duty in charterparties for both parties (charterers and owners) to take all reasonable steps to maximise energy efficiency.

Climate Standard of Care (Construction)

Estelle's Clause

Revising the standard of care to require Contractors and Service Providers to adhere to "Best Industry Practice" in mitigating climate risk and ensure that the Project meets its "Net Zero Objectives".