Climate clause

Auditing Water Usage in Supply Chains [New]

Lagatha's Clause

A clause aimed at reducing the use and wastage of water throughout a company's supply chain by requiring suppliers to provide audit results to the company.

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Why use this?

Lack of visibility regarding water usage in a company’s supply chain can hinder achievement of its environmental and net zero targets. Lagatha’s Clause requires suppliers to provide results of a water audit, which may be used to set performance targets and mitigate the environmental impact of water treatment and supply.

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The clauses on this website (and published in our Climate Contract Playbook) have been prepared in good faith on a pro bono basis and are free to download and use. The clauses have been drafted and edited by a variety of lawyers and, as such, the approaches to drafting may not conform to any particular drafting norms. We acknowledge this as a consequence of the collaborative drafting process.

The clauses on this website (and published in our Climate Contract Playbook) are provided on an ‘as is’ basis and without any representation or warranty as to accuracy or that the clauses will achieve the relevant climate goal or any other outcome.

This website (and the Climate Contract Playbook) does not comprise, constitute or provide personal, specific or individual recommendations or advice of any kind, and does not contain legal or financial advice. The clauses are precedents for legal professionals to use, amend and negotiate using their professional skill and judgement and at their own risk.

While care has been taken in the drafting of these clauses, neither The Chancery Lane Project nor any of its contributors owe a duty of care to any party in relation to their preparation and do not accept any liability for any errors or omissions, nor for any loss incurred by any person relying on or using these clauses or any other person. Users should use their own professional judgement in the application of these clauses to any particular circumstance or jurisdiction or seek independent legal advice.

At present, all the clauses are based on the laws of England and Wales. We encourage the conversion of these precedent clauses for use in other jurisdictions.

The clause

Additional Recital

(A) Whereas the Supplier has resolved to adopt the Water Reduction Goal.

 

Additional Definitions

Agreed Target Water Use has the meaning given in clause 3.2.

Appointed Beneficiary means the beneficiary of the Water Remediation Fee, being a reputable NGO supporting water resource management either in the UK or globally, to be chosen by the Customer and nominated in writing in the relevant Water Remediation Notice.

Force Majeure Event means any event or series of events that are beyond the control of any party and which materially inhibits the Supplier’s ability to achieve the Agreed Target Water Use for a relevant 12 month period. [Drafting Note: Consider using in combination with Iris’ Clause (Climate Contract Risk Sharing (ex Force Majeure)).]

Proposed Target Water Use has the meaning given in clause 2.2(d).

[Total Supply Chain Water Report means a written report to be provided pursuant to clause 4.2 which details, as a minimum, the matters listed in clause 2.2 aggregated from the data received by the Supplier in relation to all of its supply chain contracts that relate to its obligations under this Agreement.]

Water Audit means a water audit conducted by a reputable entity with experience in conducting water audits of companies of similar size and industry to the Supplier which measures, at least, the total water consumption of the Supplier within the preceding 12 month period, the costs of which shall be borne by [the Supplier]. 

Water Reduction Goal means a good faith commitment to reduce water consumption year on year to the extent commercially possible for the purposes of mitigating water scarcity.

Water Remediation Fee means a sum of [£[  ] [[per cubic metre (m³)][for each percentage point (%)] of water used by the Supplier in excess of the applicable Agreed Target Water Use]* payable in the circumstances defined at clause [5.2].

* [Drafting Note: This is significant to the financial impact of the clause. Consider whether this should be a flat rate or per m3 (or other measurement) by which consumption exceeds the threshold in clause 5.]

Water Remediation Notice means a written notice served by the Customer to the Supplier in the circumstances defined at clause 5.2 requiring payment of the Water Remediation Fee and nominating the Appointed Beneficiary.

Water Report means a written report to be provided pursuant to clauses 2.1 [or 4.2] which details, as a minimum, the matters listed in clause 2.2.

 

Additional Clauses

1. Water Audit

1.1 The Supplier shall:

(a) within [  ] Business Days of the date this Agreement is executed; and

(b) thereafter within [  ] Business Days of each anniversary of this Agreement until the Termination Date,

procure a Water Audit of its operations, unless a Water Audit has [otherwise] been conducted within the previous 12 months, in which case the Supplier shall provide the Customer with a copy of its most recent Water Report.

2. Water Report Requirements

2.1 No later than [  ] Business Days after the receipt of each Water Audit conducted pursuant to clause [1.1] above, the Supplier shall provide to the Customer a Water Report.

2.2 Each Water Report provided by the Supplier in accordance with clause 2.1 shall contain at least the following information alongside, where appropriate, supporting commentary and verification from the provider of the relevant Water Audit:

(a) the total water usage of the Supplier over the past 12 months, as recorded in the most recently conducted Water Audit;

(b) with the exception of the first Water Report, a comparison of the Supplier’s total water usage recorded pursuant to clause 2.2(a) above against the water usage for the previous 12 month period;

(c) with the exception of the first Water Report, a comparison of the Supplier’s total water usage recorded pursuant to clause 2.2(a) above against the Agreed Target Water Use for the relevant period, alongside a qualitative analysis, if applicable, of why the total water usage exceeded the Agreed Target Water Use for the relevant period;

(d) a proposed target for total water use by the Supplier over the next 12 month period (the Proposed Target Water Use) alongside supporting information explaining why the Proposed Target Water Use is an appropriate target for the Supplier taking into account its Water Reduction Goal;

(e) what measures the Supplier will take to ensure that its water use for the following 12 month period will be equal to or less than the Proposed Target Water Use; and

(f) if applicable, information surrounding water use by the Supplier in areas that are recognised as being prone to drought or other issues arising due to water scarcity, and any proposed actions to mitigate the Supplier’s impact on water scarcity in those areas[.] [;and]

(g) [any further inclusions to the Water Report.]

3. Agreed Target Water Use

3.1 Should the Customer determine (acting reasonably) that the Proposed Target Water Use contained in a Water Report is not an appropriate target for the Supplier’s water use over the next 12 months, taking into account the Supplier’s Water Reduction Goal, the Customer may, within [  ] Business Days of receipt of the relevant Water Report, inform the Supplier that the value of the target should be amended.  

3.2 If the Customer challenges the Proposed Target Water Use pursuant to clause 3.1, the Supplier and the Customer shall have [  ] Business Days to agree on a revised target water use for the Supplier over the relevant 12 month period (the Agreed Target Water Use).

3.3 If the Customer does not challenge the Proposed Target Water Use pursuant to clause 3.1, the Proposed Target Water Use will be considered agreed, and will constitute the Agreed Target Water Use for the relevant period. 

3.4 Should the Supplier and the Customer in good faith be unable to come to an agreement on the value of the Agreed Target Water Use pursuant to clause 3.2,

[Drafting Note: When considering Options 1 or 2, be aware of the risk of the Customer setting an unrealistically low target. The mechanism set out in Option 3 would avoid this.]

[OPTION 1]

[the Customer will have the option to terminate this Agreement at will, and will be under no obligation to compensate the Supplier for any loss caused as a result of the termination of this Agreement.] 

[OPTION 2]

[all amounts falling payable to the Customer from the Supplier under this Agreement during the 12 month period immediately following the date by which the Agreed Target Water Use must be set in accordance with clause 3.2 shall be reduced by [  ]%.]

[OPTION 3]

[the Customer may select [and the parties shall jointly appoint and share the costs of] a third party water consultant of reputable standing and which has water consulting experience with companies of similar size and industry to the Supplier, to select (after consultation with the Supplier) a commercially reasonable water use target for the Supplier, taking into account the Supplier’s Water Reduction Goal. The Supplier shall provide the consultant with any information that it reasonably requires to determine such target. This target will constitute the Agreed Target Water Use for the relevant period and shall be binding on the Supplier).] 

OR

[OPTION 4]

[Insert such other mediation mechanisms as may be agreed between the parties].

4. Subcontractor Agreements

4.1 [The Supplier agrees to use commercially reasonable efforts to negotiate for the inclusion of  clauses [  ] (or clauses analogous to clauses [  ]) into each of its supply chain contracts that relate to its obligations under this Agreement.]

OR

4.1 [The Supplier shall ensure that clauses [  ] (or clauses analogous to clauses [  ]) will be copied into any and all of its supply chain contracts that relate to its obligations under this Agreement.]

4.2 The Supplier shall provide the Customer with [all Water Reports received by it from its own suppliers pursuant to clause 4.1] [[, together with] a Total Supply Chain Water Report].

[5. Variable Pricing/ Rebates

5.1 Should a Water Report provided by the Supplier to the Customer in accordance with clause 2.1 demonstrate that the Supplier’s total water usage for the relevant 12 month period was less than [  ]% of the applicable Agreed Target Water Use, the Customer agrees to pay the Supplier [£  ] in recognition of its achievements in meeting its water reduction targets. [Drafting Note: Consider whether to include an audit right for the customer to ensure the report is accurate.]

5.2 Should a Water Report provided by the Supplier to the Customer in accordance with clause 2.1 demonstrate that the Supplier’s total water usage for the relevant 12 month period was greater than [  ]% of the applicable Agreed Target Water Use, the Customer shall serve a Water Remediation Notice to the Supplier and the Supplier agrees to pay the Water Remediation Fee to the Appointed Beneficiary in recognition of its failure in meeting its water reduction targets.

5.3 Without prejudice to any other claims, rights or remedies under this Agreement, the parties agree that, in respect of any failure of the Supplier to meet its water reduction targets:

(a) damages paid by the Supplier to the Customer would not be an appropriate remedy in the wider context of damage to the environment and the Customer’s reputation (all of which the Supplier accepts for the purpose of this Agreement as being losses that would be incurred by the Customer); and

(b) any Water Remediation Fee payable under clause [5.2] is reasonable and proportionate to the legitimate interests of the Customer in mitigating, setting off, counteracting, and repairing the damage to the environment and preventing future damage; where

(c) each Party agrees that it has been properly advised regarding the negotiation of this Agreement, and in particular regarding the inclusion of the Water Remediation Fee as a remedy for failure to meet water reduction targets.

5.4 [The Supplier agrees to use reasonable endeavours to ensure that, within six months of the date of receiving any payment pursuant to clause 5.1, such monies are used towards the furtherance of the Supplier’s Water Reduction Goal.]

5.5 No amounts shall be payable pursuant to clause 5.2 of this Agreement if either party can demonstrate (to the reasonable satisfaction of the Customer) that, for the relevant 12 month period, the Supplier’s failure to achieve the Agreed Target Water Use is due to a Force Majeure Event.]

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