Glossary entry

Epi-Terra Climate Change Event & Pan-Terra Climate Change Event

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Definitions

Epi-Terra Climate Change Event

Epi-terra Climate Change Event means an event, series of events or circumstance arising from the physical impacts of Climate Change that affects a large number of people within a community, population, or region [and prevents [X/a party] from performing its obligations under this agreement].

Pan-Terra Climate Change Event

Pan-terra Climate Change Event means an event, series of events or circumstance arising from the physical impacts of Climate Change that affects multiple countries or continents [and prevents [X/a party] from performing its obligations under this agreement].

Drafting notes

These definitions are based on those in Iris’ Clause.

‘Epi-terra’ is a term that comes from the Greek ÉπÍ, epi, ‘upon or above’ and Latin terra ‘earth or land’ to denote an event that impacts a specific area. The term follows the same structure as the word ‘epidemic’, which is used to describe a disease spread to a number of people within a specific population and it is used in Iris’ Clause to recognise climate change events that amount to force majeure and may prevent a party from performing its obligations under an agreement.

‘Pan-terra’ is a term that comes from the Greek πãv, pan, ‘all’ and Latin terra ‘earth or land’ to denote an event that impacts multiple areas. The term follows the same structure as the word ‘pandemic’, which is used to describe a disease spread across a large region, multiple continents or worldwide and it is used in Iris’ Clause to recognize climate change events that amount to force majeure and may prevent a party from performing its obligations under an agreement. Drafters should consider whether the definition of Epi-terra Climate Change Event or Pan-terra Climate Change Event should apply to all parties to an agreement or only to specified parties.

See also the definition of Climate Change Event.

Application

Supply contracts, environmental agreements, contracts including force majeure provisions, insurance contracts.

References

No references for pan-terra or epi-terra were found.

Definitions of pandemic/epidemic by World Health Organisation (WHO):

WHO: What is a pandemic?

WHO: Definitions: Emergencies